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Breed Fact Sheet - Xoloitzcuintle

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Xoloitzcuintle Breed Information

Group 7: Non Sporting

Energy Level: Very High

Original Function: Religious and Medicinal Purpose. It is unique in the fact that it is a product of natural selection, created and moulded by environmental adaptation, rather than selective breeding. The Xolo’s traits of type are traits of self-preservation.

Temperament & Characteristics: Hairlessness The Xoloitzcuintle is known to be apprehensive/suspicious towards strangers, this usually disappears with age BUT all puppies MUST be socialised from 3 months old. As youngsters Xolos can be stubborn and unruly and require a lot of time and training with discipline and a set routine, as adults they are dignified and elegant being very loyal. Xoloitzcuintle are intelligent, friendly, and alert, as a primitive working breed, the Xolo possess the hardiness of a feral dog, the keen senses of a hunting breed, the fearlessness and natural reserve of a working breed, and the unwavering loyalty of the most well bred companion.

Recommended for: Active people who have the time to spend with the breed and promote the breed ( The breed is rare worldwide numbering 4- 5 thousand)

Lifespan: 12 - 16 yrs

Be Aware: Dogs skin must be moisturised daily and protected from the sun with sun coats and shaded areas.

 

Height: Three sizes
Standard Variety: From 46 to 60 cm, tolerance of +2 cm in top quality dogs.

Intermediate Variety: From 36 to 45 cm.

Miniature Variety: From 25 to 35 cm.

Colour: Hairless variety: Solid, uniform, dark colours are preferred. The range includes black, blackish grey, slate grey, dark grey, reddish, liver, bronze, and blond. There may also be spots of any colour, including white or tri-coloured markings.

Coated variety: It can have any colour or combination of colours in different tones. The hair may be of any length and texture, covering the entire body.

Coat: Two Types Coated and Hairless
Skin should be moisturised to protect from sun spots and hard skin, coated dogs should receive a groom with the daily health checks

General Appearance: The Xolo is a rare and primitive breed formed in response to natural selection. The breed occurs naturally in two varieties, hairless and coated. The hairless dog is a very attractive dog; the most important characteristic is the complete or almost complete lack of any hair, with a smooth and soft skin. The hairless should never be hairy or possess long, wavy or wire hair. It is moderate in all aspects of its appearance, conveying, strength, agility and elegance. The coated should appear the same proportions but with coat!

 

 

Pronunciation: Show- low-its-queen-tli

The Xoloitzcuintle is more commonly known as the Mexican Hairless, or Xolo.

The Xolo is one of the worlds oldest and rarest breeds dating back over 3,000 years. Artifacts and clay pottery of this ancient breed has been found in the tombs of Colima, Mayan, Aztec Indians. They were highly prized for their loyalty, intelligence, curative and mystical powers, and they are now considered a natural treasure in Mexico.
It is said that ancient peoples used these dogs as a form of early heating pad for their aches and pains.
The Xolo today is being acknowledged with increased interest, for there companion ship, loyalty, cleanliness and flexibility to do it all! They make great companions, show, agility, obedience, therapy and service dogs.

Grooming- Weekly bathing and skin exfoliation essential

Exercise- At least an hour a day is required to keep the breed in tip top condition both mentally and physically

Health- No known health issues with the breed, however a good breeder will carry out Hip and Elbow x-rays and have yearly eye exams.

 

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