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Pembroke Welsh Corgi Breed Fact Sheet

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Pembroke Welsh Corgi Breed Information

Group 5: Working Dogs

Energy Level: Moderate

Original Function: cattle driving

Temperament: Outgoing and friendly, never nervous or aggressive.

Characteristics: Bold in outlook, workmanlike.

Recommended for: Most people/families

Be Aware: Very adaptable to all environments.

Lifespan: 10-16 years


Height: 25-30cm (10"-12")

Coat: Straight, Dense & medium length.

Colour: Red, Sable, Fawn, Black/Tan with White on the chest, neck & legs. Cardigans can also be brindle or merle with white.

General Appearance: Small sized body. Wedged shaped head with dark eyes, & erect ears. Apart from colour Pembrokes differ from the Cardigans, by having more wider spaced ears, shorter near to no tail & a deeper chest.

 

There are two completely different breeds of Welsh Corgi - the Cardigan and the Pembroke. The average person is understandably confused with the two breeds. Both have distinct and different backgrounds. They do not have the same ancestors, nor do they have the same history. Confusion probably lies in the name "Corgi" which merely means dwarf dog.

Pembrokeshire and Cardiganshire are two neighbouring counties in Wales and these two breeds are the only cattle dogs to come out of Wales. Both have a special place in the pastoral economy of the Welsh Counties where every farm had a Corgi occupying the role of house dog, watch dog, herder or driver of cattle to and from pasture or market.

The Pembroke Corgi tended to have a higher and shorter body than the Cardigan, straight light-boned forelegs, straight sided tipped ears, perky restless easily excited disposition and finely textured coat compared to the Cardigan's "double" weatherproof coat, spooned ears, low build, heavy bone and long muscular body ending with a fox brush tail. Over time the Pembroke has grown lower to the ground, more stocky and stronger headed and the Cardigan has become more refined in appearance, and lost something of its former size and weight while acquiring erect ears and the two breeds have tended to assume a striking degree of similarity in appearance, though not to the same extent in character.

It is believed that the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the original Welsh herding dog probably having been brought to the British Isles from Central Europe between 3,000 and 4,000 years ago by Neolithic Man and is of the Teckel canine family. It is likely that either the Vikings or the Flemish weavers, who settled in south west Wales in 1107, brought to the British Isles the Pembroke Welsh Corgi which is of the Spitz family and exhibits little or nothing of the Teckel characteristics.

The Corgi of either variety has a strong desire to please his master whether by performing in the show ring, as a cattle herder or as a household pet. They are truly noted for their wit, their humor and their devotion to those who love them. The Corgi is a little dog with a mighty character. Welsh people can be proud of the two breeds of Corgi they have produced. From Wales they have spread around the world finding a home wherever a sturdy, reliable, intelligent dog is appreciated. Corgis give the impression that their most important (and difficult) job in life is looking after their rather scatter-brained owners. May they never be disillusioned!

Grooming- males drop coat once a year and female twice. During these times extra brushing is needed other wise their medium length coat only requires a brush once a week and a wash when needed.

Exercise- they love to run around and play with you, regular walking is also needed to keep them fit and happy.

Health- This breed can be prone to back problems due to their short legs and long backs.
For Diet and other general dog health information Health/Nutrition

 

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