Level: Moderate to high
Alert, reliable, affectionate, & lively spirited. Primarily
a companion dog.
Strong, vigorous dog capable of great endurance.
for: Most people/families.
Dogs 48.3 cms (19
ins) at withers
cms (18 ins) at withers
Pepper & salt shades or black
'Double' coat. The outer coat has coarse, harsh, stiff hairs
that stand-up off the back, neither smooth nor flat. The undercoat
is dense & consists of soft downy hairs. The undercoat works
like insulation against hot or cold weather while the outer coat
offer protection against the elements.
Appearance: Sturdily built body. Rectangular shaped head
which has bushy eyebrows covering the dark oval shaped eyes. Ears
hang to the side of the head. Tail was usually docked but now left
The exact origins & the history
of the Schnauzer is not so clear, while the histories of the Miniatures
and the Giants are probably better understood. The most widely held
belief is that the Schnauzer was once called the Wire Haired Pinscher.
The story of the Wire Haired Pinscher and the Schnauzer starts in,
about the fourteenth century and around that part of Europe we now
know as the Austrian Tyrol. Dogs were used in this mountainous region
by local folk, mainly shepherds, who brought together several breeds
to help them with their flocks and for other general purposes associated
with that agrarian lifestyle.
These dogs were used to herd flocks, guard the flocks and homes
from predators of all kinds, and control vermin. Eventually the
dogs of the Tyrol found there way to Wurttemberg and Southern Bavaria
in the fifteenth century: again working cattle and guarding farmer
and merchantís property. These dogs grew in popularity in the fifteenth
& sixteenth century as tradesmen & merchants used the breed
to protect their wagons as they traveled the countryside. These
hardy, reliable guard dogs were of a size not to take up too much
space in the wagon, but were fierce enough to scare away robbers.
The farmers of Germany relied on the Schnauzer to protect their
families. Young children would be watched over by the dogs while
the older family members worked elsewhere on the property. This
earned them the nickname of the "kinder watcher" or childminder.
The modern Schnauzers are not well known for their special abilities
but they have been very successfully trained for Scenting, Tracking,
Herding, and Police Work etc. Versatile and Adaptive are accurate
Sometimes called by fanciers as "the dog with he human brain", the
mind of the Schnauzer does not develop well in kennel situations.
He thrives best on close interaction with his human family. Schnauzers
need proper outlets for their above average intelligence that only
living as a family dog provides. The breed has a very clever, inquisitive,
creative and sometimes stubbornly determined mind. When raised properly
the Schnauzer makes an affectionate friend and confidant for children.
To his family he extremely loyal, playful and can have an interesting
sense of humour. They can also fit in well with young families and
with less active older people.
The owner of a Schnauzer kept strictly as a companion and family
pet has two options as to grooming. The first and easiest option
is to take the dog to your local groomer and have them 'machine
clip' the coat. This should be done every six to eight weeks and
is fastest and easiest. However, clipping makes the coat much softer
every time it is done, the characteristic pepper and salt colour
fades out and black dogs lose their shine. The second option is
'hand-strip' the topcoat, doing it yourself or finding an experienced
handler or breeder that is willing to do it for you. Hand stripping
preserves the natural harsh coat and maintains the original colour.
It is essential for a dog that is to be shown and will require maintenance
at least twice per week.
regular exercise is needed, daily walks and off lead runs to keep
them fit and happy. They also love the water so swimming would be
This breed is generally sound. For Diet and other general dog health
information on this breed
reading: -"Standard Schnauzer" by Barbara M. Dille. TFH Publications,
TFH Plaza, Third & Union Aves., Neptune City, NJ 07753 USA