The name "Pumi" is first
mentioned in 1815, describing a kind of sheep dog. For a century
the word "Pumi" was confused with the word "Puli".
In certain parts of Hungary the name Pumi was more frequently used,
while in others, Puli was more common. "Pumi" may have
derived from "Puli". The breed emerged about the 17th
or 18th century probably as a result of cross breeeding German Spitz,
French Briard sheep dogs, a variety of Terriers and Hungarian Puli.
This cross breeding produced dogs whose coat was shorter and more
wiry than of the Puli, whose head was more elogated, who had semi-pricked
ears, erect with thi tips bent forward. These dogs had an unusually
lively temperament and proved to be great help in herding sheep
and rounding up cattle.
A Pumi is always in a hurry. A
Pumi does not have time laying about. It never looses a moment to
lark about. Just the body structure gives away, that this is a dog
on the move, the backbone structure luts as an accelerating racercar.
This race antices many admirers because of it's funny exterior.
For the untrained eye it may be taken for a mixed race, but as such
a very unique and succéssfully special type.That, that one
fore mostly notices are the moving ears, up right standing widt
folded tops as if they can not decide, and widt dressedup grand
tufts. Through hair cutting of the curly coat underlines the charachteristically
strain of the Pumi's appearance. The right hair cut gives the dog
a grand likeness of a koala bear. The backs streamline can also
be helped with the scissors
PREFERABLY A FAMILY DOG
The temperment of the Pumi is the traditional herddogs, soft and
easily taught disposition. It is a very affectionate and at times
a bit too clinoing. Together with only its owner it can easily become
a oneman dog. With in a family where several devote their time to
the dog whose attention also naturally include the whole flock,
make the Pumi more sociable. Just as all other puppies the Pumi
needs to socialize. So extra energy should be used for socializing
if the Pumi is not to be a oneman dog. It is there fore important
that other people help care for the puppy from the beginning, lifting,
carrying and caring for it so as not to let it become to idolizing
its owner. Sometimes the Pumi puppy can need a friendly push out
into the world, so that it may dare to try to adventure oute into
lifes wonderful experiences.
BIG/SMALL ENOUGH TO SIT IN YOUR
The Pumi can behave reserved towards strangers, mostly the young
dog, but it has passed the first abstacles at the threshold of maturing
it is both demanding and exaeting in its endearments. Its not larger
than it can sit on your lap and there it will dealy like to sit.
Its place on your lap garantees belly scratching and claps on the
head, as well as a very exquisit vieu of the dinner table or coffiee
table. The Pumi wants to be where the action is. If not in focus
then any where near the center of happenings as possible. It hates
to be shoed or sent away, as a full worthy family member the Pumi
takes for granted that it should have reasonable rights and absolute
admission to all the flocks activities. A sufficiently eventful
everyday life, free of long hours of boredom alone, is for most
Pumis enough. Accordingly it is expected that after one quiet day
the next is compensated with bouncing about on a long excursion.
Although if one wants more, the Pumi has a remarkable capacity.
It shows off in both obedience work as well as agility. There are
several obedience champions and world champions in agility that
are Pumi. In Finland where this race is very popular, the training
of the last mentioned well spread. The Pumi seams to be born and
bred to jump obstacles, climb over planks, and zigzag between slalom
pegs. It has energy and the physical capacities, balance and vigour
or elastiscity. Farm work has been tested in a smaller capacity
but at least a Pumi has gaind higher class in tracking.One dog has
actually been educated for security and guarding.
LIKES TO BARK!
One should keep in mind that the Pumi as well as the Mudi and Puli
are heard and/or watch dogs. In other words it has a love of hearing
its own bark. If it is not taught in time to behave it will turn
into a very noisy individual. It is in its nature to give alarm
when someone / or knocks on your door or someone/or thing comes
close to its/your house. It is not possible to keep the dog entirely
quiet, but it should be trained to understand when it is enough.
It is in the Pumi owners intrest to clearly tell where the boundary
lays and what is elearly permitted. This race is not difficult or
hard to educate/train, and it would hardly try to attempt to compete
for leadership or press for far tetching participation. But none
the less the Terrior strain in the Pumi makes it altogether not
good for slackness. One must be consequent and one must see to it
to the end that the demands wich are put on the dog are fullfilled.
The Pumi is very stubborn and smart enough to see through its owners
weakness's if you have a tendancy to be compliant the Pumi will
immediately find the loop holes. It is also quick enough to foresee
its slow owner and achieve its goal before its owner knows what
happened. The Pumis soft appearance invites to concession but it
also contributes to deception. The Pumi is what is usually called
"alot of dog in a small size/package".
TERRIOR IN THE PEDIGREE
This race submits without dispute at having a human flockleader.
If you scratch a little on the surface one can often produce characteristics
whitch with certainly lead to a more cheeky and hot-tempered terrior
forefather. From the terrior father comes the races reserved attitude
maybe even the square form and attitude of a "up on your toes
style", which is typical. If the terrior strain strikes through
it may bring about a little "hotter tempered" Pumi. Normally
its not a fighter, females and males get on quite well with alot
of mucking about. Very seldom is there any worry with the Pumi and
other home animals. As other hearddogs the Pumi demands a certain
amount of admonishment during its growing up. The characteristic
attractions that one wishes for should be enhanced. Whilst barking
and over protecting quietend. There fore it is very important to
know what you should teach your dog. Praise or punishment at the
wrong time can have the exact opposite effect than one had in minde.
There in lays the reservation against the Pumi as the first dog.
With good support from the breeder and a sound reasoning it usually
goes well. Besides one should be clear about the Pumi being a lively
and active dog. So lively that with certain individual dogs it may
almost break over in stress. Usually it has to do with dampening
rather than exeitedly talking smoothigly so as to keep the dog with
his feat on the ground. Especially in play can certain Pumi's terrior
glow boubble up to the surface. On the other hand the terrior in
the Pumi makes it more sturdy and stabil in a higher grade than
what is usually distinguished with hearddogs. If you are locking
for a stylish comrade who leisurly stretches out on the soffa, who
is quiet and never bother some, then the Pumi is not a good buy.
FROM "HUNDSPORT NR 1/2-97"
SWEDISH KENNELCLUBS NEWSPAPER
Occasional combing and brushing will keep the coat looking good.
Remove excess hair from inside the ears. Pumis will look well groomed.
They need a lot of exercise. If living in an urban environment,
replacement activities for work can include ball games, Frisbee
and agility classes.
For Diet and other general dog health information Health/Nutrition