7: Non Sporting
Level: moderate - low
Function: hunting/guard dogs as well as meat and fur.
Reserved, Independent, loyal yet aloof.
A well balanced dog, leonine in appearance, with proud dignified
bearing; loyal yet aloof; unique in its stilted gait and bluish-black
for: Dedicate handlers & families.
about 12 yrs
Minimum height for Chows to be 45.7cm (18 ins)
Whole coloured black, red, blue, fawn, cream or
white, frequently shaded but not patches or parti-coloured
(the underpart of tail and back of thighs frequently of a
Abundant, dense, straight and stand-off. Outer coat rather coarse
in texture and with a soft woolly undercoat. The Chow Chow is a
profusely coated dog and balance should therefore be assessed when
the coat is at its natural length.
Appearance: Medium sized, an active, compact, short-coupled
and well balanced dog. Lion like face, Small dark eyes & small
erect ears. Tail carried over the back. Tongue is blue, black in
The Chow Chows ancestry is thousands
of years old. It is thought by many to actually be an offshoot of
a bear/dog which evolved in the late Miocene era and does not share
the same ancestry as the domestic dog, which evolved from wolves,
coyotes and jackals.
Their history has been traced back to the Chinese Han dynasty, not
only were they breed to hunt and to guard stock but for food and
also for the fur market. The Chow made it's first appearance to
civilization as we know it in the 18th century and was brought back
to the United Kingdom on merchant ships from China.
The Chow is definitely not a breed for everyone, they are aloof,
very clean in their habits and stubborn. They can be a challenge
to train as they are very strong willed. They show a great loyalty
to their owner and family members. It's very important to socialize
them, which should begin as a puppy. They are relatively quiet dogs
that also make good guards. As long as they are introduced to children,
cats and other household pets when young, problems can be prevented.
The grooming requirements of this dog are quite considerable. Grooming
should be started at an early age as it must be done on a daily
basis. When the adult coat comes in the puppy must be bathed and
groomed more often so the new coat can come in properly. The coat
itself is very abundant, thick and dense, with the outer coat being
quite coarse in texture and the undercoat soft and woolly. The coat
is thicker around the neck and legs.
The Chow Chow does not require a lot of exercise but they do like
the outdoors, and are quite happy doing their own thing in the back
garden. They must have somewhere shaded and cool that they can retreat
to in warm and hot weather. Too much exercise too young can lead
to bone and joint related health problems in later life therefore
during adolescence exercise must be monitored closely.
This breed can have problems with hip and elbow dysplasia and prone
to eye problems. For Diet and other general dog health information