Level: Moderate - high
Strong, sound and brave, the Bergamasco is above all very intelligent
The function of the Bergamasco Shepherd is to guide and guard the
herd, the task for which he shows exemplary disposition thanks to
his vigilance, his concentration and psychological balance. His
learning faculty and determination combined with moderation and
patience makes him an excellent guard and companion dog, suited
to the most diverse uses. He establishes a close relationship with
for: Working homes, Dedicated handlers
Not many in Australia
About 13-15 years
Dogs 60cm 2 cm more or less is ok.
Bitches 56 cm 2 cm more or less is ok.
Dogs 32-38 kg
Bitches 26-32 kg
Solid grey or with patches of all possible shades from a delicate
grey to a brighter shade of grey on to black; Isabella and light
fawn shades are permitted. An all black coat is allowed providing
the black is really opaque (zain). An all white coat is not allowed.
White patches are tolerated as long as their surface is not more
than a fifth of the total surface of the coat.
Very abundant, very long and different depending on the regions.
The texture is harsh, (goat hair) particularly on the front of the
body. From halfway of the chest towards the rear, and on all limbs,
the coat tends to form strands or loose mats, or is already in strands
or loose matts, depending on the subjects age; these strands or
loose mats are not cords and must start from the topline of the
back and fall on the sides of the body. On the head the hair is
less harsh and covers the eyes. On the limbs, the coat must be evenly
distributed everywhere in the shape of soft flocks falling towards
the ground; forming a kind of vertical column of hair on the front
and strands on the hindquarters, without fringes. The undercoat
is so short and dense, it is not easy to see the skin. Must be greasy
to the touch.
Appearance: The Bergamasco Shepherd is a dog of medium
size of rustic appearance with an abundant coat covering all parts
of the body, of a powerful construction but very well proportioned.
Its general shape is that of a medium proportioned dog, whose body
fits into a square.
The Bergamasco Sheepdog is an
ancient breed which is at least 2000 years old. The ancestors of
the Bergamasco spread out along the Alpine chain. Ancient dog lovers
speak of a dog of the Alps and some describe a sheepdog in the Vallese
region. The only common element in these vague sources is that the
coat is described as long, thick and shabby. Strong, sound and brave,
this dog is also very intelligence and has a good equilibrium. The
Bergamasco is a medium size dog, well proportioned and harmonious
having a rustic appearance. He is a solidly compact dog with a strong,
powerful build that gives him great resistance without taking away
any of his agility and speed of movement. His imposing aspect is
increased by the thick coat which is one of his typical characteristics
and makes him different from any other dog. The Bergamascos coat
is characterized by three types of hair which is abundant and forms
mats or flocks which is the distinguishing characteristic of this
breed. The mats start from the spine and go down the flanks, growing
every year to reach the ground. The thick curtain of hair that covers
the eyes has a functional purpose as well. It serves as a visor
so as not to be dazzled by the sun reflecting off the snow in the
mountains. The color of the coat can be anything from gray or silver
gray to anthracite (coal color). This color served as a camouflage
when working in the mountains. The entire hereditary pattern is
deeply ingrained in the breed. Even in our modern times, the Bergamasco
remains the same.
The Bergamasco coat once fully flocked requires very little care,
except for the occasional brushing and bathing. Forever changing,
from the adorable, soft, fluffy, puppy coat to the beginning flocking
stage which may start as early as 8-9 months to 1 yr. When the flocking
starts, it lasts till the dog is approximately two years old. From
2-3 yrs the coat is settling into a flocking pattern and will continue
to grow throughout the dogs life. The coat is made up of three types
of hair:01: the Undercoat, fine dense and oily (not greasy) to the
touch which forms a waterproof layer. 02: The Goat Hair, long strands
of harsh hair similar to the coat of a goat. 03: The Woolly top
coat, which is finer and softer to the touch. The combination of
the woolly hair mixed with the goat hair weave together to create
the flock. These flocks continue to grow throughout the dogs life
creating multi layers of flocks that magically appear before your
eyes, eventually reaching the ground at about the age of 5 years.
The Bergamasco is a very simple genuine dog which is best reflected
in his coat. The Bergamasco is a very simple, genuine dog which
is reflected in his coat, it is best to let the coat develop as
naturally and spontaneously as possible. The Bergamasco does not
shed like a other breeds, however, at times, like humans, you will
find hair especially during the puppy stage. Once the coat changes
from puppy to adult and the flocks are set. Hair lost is at a minimal.
The Bergamasco coat is considered hair not fur and is considered
non-allergic, however, there are extreme cases that a person could
still be allergic to the hair, depending on the type of allergy.
The Bergamasco enjoys the outdoors and will exercise on their own
accord if they live and work on a large farm. A long daily walk,
herding the sheep or a romp with the kids is ample exercise that
is necessary for a Happy Bergamasco.
For Diet and other general dog health information Health/Nutrition