ORIGIN : Japan.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 13.03.2001.
UTILIZATION : Companion dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 5: Spitz and primitive type.
Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.
Originally Japanese dogs were
small to medium in size and no large breeds existed. Since 1603
in the Akita region, Akita Matagis (medium-sized bear-hunting dogs)
were used as fighting dogs. From 1868 Akita Matagis were crossed
with Tosas and Mastiffs. Consequently, the size of this breed increased
but characteristics associated with Spitz type were lost.
In 1908 dog fighting was prohibited,
but this breed was nevertheless preserved and improved as a large
Japanese breed. As a result, nine superior examples of this breed
were designated as « Natural Monuments » in 1931.
During World War II (1939-1945),
it was common to use dogs as a source of fur for military garments.
The police ordered the capture and confiscation of all dogs other
than German Shepherd Dogs used for military purposes. Some fanciers
tried to circumvent the order by crossbreeding their dogs with German
When World War II ended, Akitas
had been drastically reduced in number and existed as three distinct
types; 1) Matagi Akitas, 2) fighting Akitas, and 3) Shepherd Akitas.
This created a very confusing situation in the breed.
During the restoration process
of the pure breed after the war., Kongo-go, a dog of the Dewa line,
which exhibited characteristics of the Mastiff and German Shepherd.
However, sensible learned fanciers
did not approve of this type as a proper Japanese breed, so they
made efforts to eliminate the strain old foreign breeds by crossbreeding
with Matagi Akitas for the purpose of restoring the original pure
breed. They succeeded in stabilizing the pure strain of large sized
breed as known today.
a brush once a week while in coat is all they need, and a bath when
needed. They shed coat twice a year and it's a good idea to get
a stripping comb and remove all the dead hair.
They need moderate but regular exercise to stay in shape.
A robust breed but can have some problems with Hip Dysplasia, bloat,
eye problems and thyroid problems. They need a good diet. To much
red meat or food colours in their diet may cause hot spots and other
skin coat problems
For Diet and other general dog health information Health/Nutrition